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Meaning of the P-R-N-D-S-L Symbol on the Automatic Transmission Lever

How Auto Brake Hold Works

For driving comfort, most drivers prefer to use a car with an automatic transmission (matic) compared to a manual transmission. Automatic transmission is considered easier to operate because there is no clutch pedal. In automatic cars, there are only gas and brake pedals which are only controlled by 1 foot, in contrast to manual transmissions which must be controlled by both feet, because one foot is used to control the clutch pedal. The use of automatic transmission greatly facilitates the driver when driving in traffic jams. In manual transmissions there are several gear ratios that we are familiar with with gears 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 and so on. If the driver is driving on an incline or at low speed, the driver usually uses gears 1 and 2. The lower the gear position, the greater the torque value will be while the engine speed will be lower. This causes the vehicle to have the power to drive uphill. In contrast, when the driver needs high speed when driving on flat roads or toll roads, the driver will use gears 3, 4 and 5. The higher the gear position, the speed will increase, but the torque will be smaller. But on vehicles with automatic transmissions, you don't find gear positions 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 and so on, what you find is the letters P, R, N, D, S, L or on some vehicles with automatic transmission there is the number 1 and 2. What do the letters and numbers mean?

P (Parking) is the gear position used when you park your vehicle. In this position, the gears in the transmission are locked, causing the vehicle to not start.
R (Reverse) is the gear position used to reverse the vehicle. In this position the rotation of the gear on the transmission is changed in the direction of rotation.
N (Neutral) is the position where the gears on the transmission are not connected to each other, so the power from the engine is not transmitted to the wheels. Neutral Position is used when the vehicle is in a momentary stop position.
D (Drive) is the gear position used when driving normally, when walking forward when the road is flat, uphill, downhill, high speed and low speed. In this position, all gears are used and will automatically change according to driving needs.
S (Sport) is the gear position used if the driver needs more acceleration when going to overtake another vehicle or speeding. The transmission is only set to work in a high gear position resulting in a better ratio for speed.
L (Low) is the gear position used when the driver is driving on an uphill or downhill road. The transmission is set to only work in low gear positions 1 and 2 so that it can produce large torque. In other types of automatic transmissions usually also use the numbers 1 and 2 on the gear lever. This indicates that the transmission operates only in gear 1 or 2.

If you are used to using a manual transmission and start using an automatic transmission, then you need to understand the function of the letter and number symbols on the automatic transmission lever. This aims to avoid mistakes in driving.

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